Peyvên biyanî di tirkî de – 2

Peyvên biyanî di tirkî de – 2

Fermo, nivîseke zanyarî ya bi zanebûnan va dagirtî ji zimanzanekî bêhempa!

Destpêka vê nivîsê med uh çap kiribû..

 

Husein Muhammed, zimanzan

 

Tirkî                                                Ji                                                     Wate

 

L

lahana                                             yûnanî                                           kelemî
lale                                                   îranî                                               lale, alale
lehçe                                               erebî                                               lehce, zarava, devok
leke                                                 îranî                                                 leke, teqme, lewt
leş                                                    îranî                                                 leş, laş
leşker                                              îranî                                                 leşker, esker, sipa, serbaz
limon                                               îranî ji sanskrîtî                            lîmon, leymûn
M
maalesef                                       erebî                                               mixabin, heyf e ku
madde                                            erebî ji îranî                                  made, madde
mal, maliyet                                 erebî                                               maliyet, mal, saman
marangoz                                      yûnanî                                            necar, dartiraş
mart                                                yûnanî ji latînî                              adar, meha 3yem
masa                                               latînî                                                mase, mêze
mavi                                                erebî (mawî: avî)                        şîn (reng)
maydanoz                                     erebî ji yûnanî                             kerefs, mexdenoz, bexdenoz
mayıs                                              yûnanî ji latînî                              gulan, meha 5em
maymun                                        erebî ji yûnanî                             meymûn
meğer                                             îranî                                                 meger, eger na
mektup                                          erebî                                               name
melek                                             erebî ji îbranî                                melek, milyaket, firîşte
memleket                                     erebî                                               war, welat, memleket
menekşe                                       îranî                                                 binefş
merdivan                                       îranî (F: nerdevan)                     derece, pêpelûk; pêstirk
merhem/melhem                     îranî ji erebî ji yûnanî                melhem, merhem
mert                                                îranî                                                 mêr; camêr; xweşmêr
mey                                                 îranî                                                 mey, bade, şerab
meydan                                         erebî ji îranî                                  meydan
meyhane                                       îranî                                                 meyxane
meyve                                            îranî                                                 mêwe, meywe, fêkî
mıh                                                  îranî                                                 mîx, bizmar
mum                                               îranî                                                 mûm, find, şemal, çira
murder                                           îranî                                                 mirar, kelex
muz                                                 erebî ji sanskrîtî                          mûz
müjde                                             îranî                                                 mizgînî, mijde
mülk                                                erebî                                               milk
N
namaz                                             îranî                                                 nivêj, nimêj
nar                                                   îranî                                                 hinar
nargîle                                            îranî ji sanskrîtî                            nargile
naz, nazdar, nazenîn                 îranî                                                 naz, nazdar, nazenîn
ne … ne …                                      îranî                                                 ne … ne … (jî)
nehir                                               erebî                                               çem, robar (> kurdî nehal/newal)
nem                                                 îranî                                                 nêm, şilî, ritûbat
nergis                                              îranî ji yûnanî                               nêrgiz
nesrîn                                             îranî                                                 nesrîn (gulek, navekî jinan)
neşter                                             îranî                                                 nişter
nevruz                                            îranî                                                 nevroz, newroz
ney                                                  îranî                                                 ney
nilüfer                                             îranî ji sanskrîtî                            nîlûfer
nisan                                               E ji îbranî/Ar ji Ak ji Sûm          nîsan, meha 4em
nişan                                               îranî                                                 nîşan
O
oruç                                                 îranî                                                 rojî
P
paha                                                îranî                                                 biha, nirx, qîmet, fiyet
pamuk                                            îranî (P: pembuk)                       pembû
para                                                 îranî                                                 pare, pere
parça                                               îranî                                                 parçe, perçe
paşa                                                 îranî                                                 paşa
patlıcan                                          îranî ji sanskrîtî                            bacan(reşk)
pazar                                               îranî                                                 bazar; yekşem
peçe                                                îranî                                                 paçe, pate, pêçik, pêçek
pembe                                           îranî (K: pembû, F: penbe)     pembe, pembeyî, rengê pîvazî
pencere                                         îranî                                                 pencere
perde                                              îranî                                                 perde
peri                                                  îranî                                                 perî
perişand                                        îranî                                                 perîşan
perşembe                                     îranî                                                 pêncşem(b)
peşin                                               îranî                                                 pêşîn, pêşî
peygamber                                   îranî                                                 pêxember
peynir                                             îranî                                                 penîr, pênîr
pirinç                                               îranî ji sanskrîtî                            birinc
pişman                                           îranî                                                 peşîman, poşman
piyaz                                                îranî (F/S: piyaz)                          pîvaz
polat                                                îranî                                                 pola, pîla, polat
pul                                                    îranî ji yûnanî                               pûl
R
rehber                                            îranî                                                 rêber
rençber                                          îranî                                                 rêncber, rencber, kedkar
rende                                              îranî                                                 rende
renk                                                 îranî                                                 reng
rüzgâr                                             îranî (K: rojgar)                            ba, hewa
S
sabah                                              erebî                                               sibe, spêde, sihar, destpêka rojê
sahip                                               erebî                                               xwedî, xudan, xweyî
sahte                                               îranî                                                 sexte, saxte, qelp
salı                                                    erebî                                               sêşem(b)
sandalye                                        erebî ji latînî                                 kursî
sanki                                                îranî (F: san = wek kî=ku)        wek ku, heçku
saray                                               îranî                                                 seray, koşk, qesr
sarhoş                                             îranî                                                 serxweş
saz                                                    îranî                                                 saz (amûreke muzîkê)
sebze                                              îranî (F: sebz=şîn/hêşîn)          sebze, nebat, riwek
sepet                                              îranî (F: seped, sebed)             selik, zembîl, sepet
serbest                                           îranî                                                 serbest
sert                                                  îranî (F: serd=sar)                       req, hişk
sincap                                             îranî yan erebî (F/E: sincab)   sivore, sihorî, simorî
sipariş                                             îranî (K: spartin)                          sipariş
siyah                                                îranî (F: siyah, Z: siya)               reş
sofa                                                 inglîzî ji erebî ji aramî                qenepe, sofa
sütun                                              îranî                                                 stûn
süvari                                              îranî                                                 siwar, siwarî
Ş
şahin                                               îranî                                                 eylo, helo, şahîn, qertel
şair                                                   erebî                                               helbestvan, şair
şeftali                                              îranî (F: şeftalû)                          xox
şehir                                                îranî (F:şehr, S: şar, Z: şar = xelk)                      bajar
şeker                                               îranî ji sanskrîtî                            şekir
şiir                                                    erebî                                               helbest, şiir
şirin                                                  îranî                                                 şîrîn
şişe                                                  îranî ji Ar ji Ak ji misirya kevn şûşe
şubat                                               erebî ji îbrî ji akadî                      sibat, şibat, meha duyem
T
tabi                                                  erebî                                               helbet (tabî, teb’en)
taç                                                    erebî ji îranî                                  tac
tahra                                               îranî (F: dahrê, Z: dariye)         das
taht                                                  îranî                                                 text
tahta                                               îranî                                                 texte, dep, dar
tamam                                            erebî                                               temam
tane                                                 îranî (S: dane, F: danê)             lib, heb, dane, dene
tarçın                                               îranî (“dara çînî”)                        darçîn
tava                                                 îranî                                                 tavik, tawe
taze                                                 îranî                                                 taze, teze
tebeşir                                            îranî ji sanskrîtî                            tebeşîr
tekrar                                              erebî                                               dubare, tekrar
tembel                                           îranî                                                 tembel, tiral, arode, keslan
temel                                              yûnanî                                            bingeh
temiz                                               erebî                                               paqij, pak, bijûn
temmuz                                         E ji îbrî/Ar ji Ak ji Sûm               tîrmeh, temûz, meha 7em
teneke                                           îranî (ji “tenik”)                           teneke
terazi                                               îranî                                                 terazû, terazî
terk                                                  erebî                                               terk
terzi                                                 îranî                                                 derzî, terzî, xeyat, cildirû
teşekkür                                        erebî                                               spas; spasî
torba                                               îranî (F: tobrê)                                                          tûr, tûrik, torbe
traş                                                  îranî                                                 tiraşîn
turşu                                               îranî (ji tirş)                                   tirşî
tüfek                                               îranî                                                 tifek, tifeng
(Türk)iye                                        erebî                                               Tirkiye
Ü
ümit                                                 îranî                                                 hêvî, umêd
üstad/üstat                                  îranî                                                 hosta, hoste
V
vahşi                                                erebî ji îranî                                  wehşî; beyar, dêm
ve                                                     erebî                                               û, herwiha
ve-ya                                               erebî-îranî                                     yan jî
viran                                                îranî                                                 wêran
ya                                                     îranî                                                 yan, an, ya
yahut                                              îranî (F: ya=yan xûd=xwe)      yan jî
yard
Y
yabancı                                           îranî (F: biyaban / yaban = çol)                           biyanî
yabani                                             îranî (F: biyaban / yaban = çol)                           beyar, çolî, dêmî
yardım                                            îranî (F: yarî = harî=harîkarî=arîkarî = alîkarî) alîkar
Z
zaman                                             îranî/erebî                                     dem, zeman
zambak                                          erebî ji îranî                                  sosin, zembeq
zan(etmek)                                  erebî                                               texmîn kirin, bawer kirin
zehir                                                îranî                                                 jehr
zengin                                             îranî                                                 zengîn
zeytin                                              erebî                                               zeytûn
zincir                                                îranî                                                 zincîr
zindan                                             îranî                                                 zindan, hefs, girtîxane, girtîgeh
zinhar                                              îranî                                                 hewar, zînhar
ziraat                                               erebî                                               zîraet, çandin
zor                                                    îranî                                                 zor, zehmet
zurna                                               îranî                                                 zirna, zirne

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